PATIENT INFO-SERVICE

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDS) Consist Of Minor Physical Disabilities. This Term Is Used To Describe A Variety Of Conditions That Affect The Muscles, Bones, And Joints. The Severity Of The Msd Can Vary. Pain And Discomfort May Interfere With Everyday Activities. MSDS Are Extremely Common, And Your Risk Increases With Age.

Types of Musculoskeletal Disorders

MSDS CAN AFFECT ALL MAJOR AREAS OF THE BODY, INCLUDING THE:

  • NECK
  • SHOULDERS
  • WRISTS
  • BACK (UPPER AND LOWER)
  • HIPS
  • LEGS
  • KNEES
  • FEET (AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON 2009)

What causes MSDS ?

  • MSDS Have A Range Of Causes. The Exact Cause Depends On Your:
  • Age
  • Occupation
  • Activity Level
  • Lifestyle

What Are The Symptoms Of MSDS?

  • Recurrent Pain
  • Stiff, Painful Joints
  • Swelling
  • Fatigue

Treatment options

  • Acetaminophen
  • NSAIDS
  • Topical Therapeutic Treatments
  • ASCELERA Massage Gel   For Musculoskeletal Pain

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What is premature ejaculation?

Premature ejaculation is uncontrolled ejaculation either before or shortly after sexual penetration. It happens with minimal sexual stimulation and before the person wishes. It may result in unsatisfactory sex for both partners. This can increase the anxiety that may add to the problem. It is one of the most common forms of male sexual dysfunction. It has probably affected every man at some point in his life.

  • You’re not alone. Approximately 20 to 30 percent of men experience premature ejaculation, according to a study published in July 2016 in Drug Discovery Today. And this often embarrassing sexual issue can affect men of any age

What causes premature ejaculation?

Most cases of premature ejaculation do not have a clear cause. With sexual experience and age, men often learn to delay orgasm. Premature ejaculation may occur with a new partner. It may happen only in certain sexual situations or if it has been a long time since the last ejaculation. Psychological factors such as anxiety, guilt, or depression can also cause it. In some cases, it may be related to a medical cause such as hormonal problems, injury, or a side effect of certain medicines.

What are the symptoms?

The main symptom is an uncontrolled ejaculation either before or shortly after intercourse begins. Ejaculation occurs before the person wishes it, with minimal sexual stimulation.

How is premature ejaculation diagnosed?

Your doctor will discuss your medical and sexual history with you. He or she will do a thorough physical exam. Your doctor may want to talk to your partner also. Premature ejaculation can have many causes. So your doctor may order lab tests to rule out any other medical problem.

How is it treated?

In many cases premature ejaculation gets better on its own over time.

Practicing relaxation techniques or using distraction methods may help you delay ejaculation. For some men, stopping or cutting down on the use of alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugs may improve how well they can control ejaculation

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What is iron deficiency anemia?

Anemia occurs when you have a level of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood that is lower than normal. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia, and it occurs when your body doesn’t have enough of the mineral iron. Your body needs iron to make a protein called hemoglobin. This protein is responsible for carrying oxygen to your body’s tissues, which is essential for your tissues and muscles to function effectively. When there isn’t enough iron in your blood stream, the rest of your body can’t get the amount of oxygen it needs.While the condition may be common, a lot of people don’t know they have iron deficiency anemia. It’s possible to experience the symptoms for years without ever knowing the cause.In women of childbearing age, the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia is a loss of iron in the blood due to heavy menstruation or pregnancy. A poor diet or certain intestinal diseases that affect how the body absorbs iron can also cause iron deficiency anemia. Doctors normally treat the condition with iron supplements or changes to diet.

What causes iron deficiency anemia?

According to the American Society of Hematology, iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia. There are many reasons why a person might become deficient in iron. These include:

  • Inadequate iron intake

Eating too little iron over an extended amount of time can cause a shortage in your body. Foods such as meat, eggs, and some green leafy vegetables are high in iron. Because iron is essential during times of rapid growth and development, pregnant women and young children may need even more iron-rich foods in their diet.

  • Pregnancy or blood loss due to menstruation

In women of childbearing age, the most common causes of iron deficiency anemia are heavy menstrual bleeding and blood loss during childbirth.

  • Internal bleeding

Certain medical conditions can cause internal bleeding, which can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Examples include an ulcer in your stomach, polyps in the colon or intestines, or colon cancer. Regular use of pain relievers, such as aspirin, can also cause bleeding in the stomach.

  • Inability to absorb iron

Certain disorders or surgeries that affect the intestines can also interfere with how your body absorbs iron. Even if you get enough iron in your diet, celiac disease or intestinal surgery, such as gastric bypass, may limit the amount of iron your body can absorb.

Who is at risk for iron deficiency anemia?

Anemia is a common condition and can occur in both men and women of any age and from any ethnic group. Some people may be at greater risk for iron deficiency anemia than others. These include:

  • women of childbearing age
  • pregnant women
  • people with poor diets
  • people who donate blood frequently
  • infants and children, especially those born prematurely or experiencing a growth spurt
  • vegetarians who don’t replace meat with another iron-rich food

If you’re at risk for iron deficiency anemia, talk to your doctor to determine if blood testing or dietary changes could benefit you.

What is vaginitis?

Vaginitis refers to inflammation of the vagina that often occurs in combination with inflammation of the vulva, a condition known as vulvovaginitis. Vaginitis is often the result of an infection with yeast, bacteria, or Trichomonas, but it may also arise due to physical or chemical irritation of the area. Not all infections that cause vaginitis are considered sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but some STDs cause vaginitis.

What causes vaginitis?

Infectious causes of vaginitis include bacteria, yeast, and Trichomonas.

  • Bacterial vaginosis is the most common bacterial infection that causes vaginitis. This condition results from an imbalance in the bacteria normally present in the vagina. It is not clear if sexual activity plays a role in the development of bacterial vaginosis, and some experts believe it can occur in women who have not had sexual contact. The STDs gonorrhea and Chlamydia are other bacterial causes of vaginitis.
  • Yeast infections, such as Candida infection, are a common cause of vaginitis. Yeast infections are not considered to be STDs.
  • Trichomonas (“Trich”) is a parasitic infection that is transmitted through sexual contact.

Non-infectious causes of vaginitis include physical or chemical irritation, such as:

  • Douches, soaps, or fragrances
  • Spermicides
  • Reduced estrogen levels around the time of menopause

Vaginitis in young girls has also been described and is thought to arise from poor hygiene practices that allow the spread of fecal bacteria from the anal area into the vagina.

What are the risk factors for vaginitis?

The risk factors for vaginitis depend upon the type of vaginitis.

  • Risk factors for STDs include multiple sexual partners and unprotected intercourse.
  • Some of the known risk factors for bacterial vaginosis include cigarette smoking, multiple sex partners, douching, and using IUDs for contraception.

Risk factors for yeast infection are varied. They can include suppression of the immune system either due to cancer or other conditions, or by taking immune-suppressing medications. Antibiotic use is another known risk factor. Pregnancy, diabetes, taking oral contraceptives, and douching can all increase a woman’s likelihood of developing yeast vaginitis.

What are the symptoms of vaginitis?

Vaginitis causes irritation of the vagina that can result in burning, itching, or pain. Vaginal discharge is another common symptom of vaginitis. Other common symptoms include pain during sexual intercourse or urination and a vaginal odor.It is also possible to have vaginitis or an STD without experiencing any symptoms.

How is vaginitis diagnosed?

The symptoms and signs of vaginitis strongly suggest the diagnosis. At the time of diagnosis, a pelvic examination is typically performed that may include removal of a sample of vaginal discharge. The sample may be viewed under the microscope to look for. Trichomonas organisms, or it may be sent to a laboratory for culture or other specialized tests to identify infectious organisms.

What is the treatment for vaginitis?

The treatment for vaginitis depends upon its cause. Infectious vaginitis is treated with antibiotic medications. Bacterial vaginitis is treated either with oral antibiotics, intra-vaginal antibiotic creams, or injections (shots) of antibiotics. Treatment guidelines are always updated to reflect the patterns of resistance to antibiotics of circulating bacterial strains.

Medications to treat vaginitis

  • Antibiotics that may be used in the management of bacterial vaginosis include ceftriaxone , erythromycin, metronidazole , clindamycin , cefixime , doxycycline , and azithromycin .
  • Antifungal medications are used to treat yeast infections, and antifungal preparations are also available over-the-counter for yeast vaginitis. Examples of antifungal medications include fluconazole, terconazole , clotrimazole , miconazole, butoconazole , and Nystatin.
  • Metronidazole is the drug of choice for treating Trichomonas infections.
  • Feminine Wash
  • Vaginitis due to thinning and irritation of the vaginal wall as a result of lowered estrogen levels at menopause can be treated with hormonal therapy, either in topic (applied directly to the vagina) or oral form. Non-hormonal vaginal lubricant products are also available